Category Archives: Government Fraud

Armed thugs robbing highway travelers

 

The new, reverse Robin Hoods

Cops legally steal in every state

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Then they reap the spoils

The fancy, legal term is Civil Asset Forfeiture.

The simple term is theft.

You can also call it highway robbery – for that is exactly what it is.

Cops have the legal right to seize your assets – cash, car, even your home – on the flimsiest of suspicions.

You will not be charged with a crime, but you will never see your belongings again.

Then law enforcement agencies will split up the proceeds for themselves.

Most of their victims are poor, and minorities – the perfect choice, since they have limited means to fight back.

It’s as if the Sheriff of Nottingham is back. Where’s Robin Hood when you need him?

steallegallyvid

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Koch Front Group Mails False Registration Information to Hundreds Of North Carolina Voters

By Jason Easley
PoliticusUSA, September, 26, 2014
Koch brothers front Americans For Prosperity is reaching into their bag of dirty tricks by sending hundreds of North Carolina voters and one cat incorrect voter registration information.
According to the Raleigh News & Observer:
Hundreds of North Carolinians – and one cat – have received incorrect voter registration information, according to the N.C. State Board of Elections. The information – an “official application form” – was sent by Americans for Prosperity, a national conservative group with a state chapter based in Raleigh.
Since then, hundreds of people who received the forms have called and complained to the State Board of Elections, said Joshua Lawson, a public information officer for the board.
“It’s unclear where (Americans for Prosperity) got their list, but it’s caused a lot of confusion for people in the state,” Lawson said. One resident even received a voter registration form addressed to her cat, he said.
In North Carolina, it is a felony to intentionally send out incorrect voter registration information. Americans For Prosperity is claiming that the incorrect info was a mistake, so no charges will be filed. What makes the actions of Americans For Prosperity suspicious is that the correct information is publicly available on the Board Of Elections website.
The letter that the Koch group sent gave voters the wrong office and zip code to send their information to. One of the great mysteries is how a house cat got on the Koch list. Trying to register a cat to vote Republican would take the Koch’s voter fraud efforts to a whole different level. Americans For Prosperity is either an incredibly sloppy organization or they were continuing the modern tradition of trying to help Republicans win by keeping as many voters away from the polls as possible. This isn’t the first time that Americans For Prosperity has made this “mistake.”
In 2011, the group pulled the same stunt during the Wisconsin recall elections. It is difficult to believe that they are making a mistake when AFP keeps doing it over and over again. Republicans aren’t doing as well as they thought they would in the polls, so it looks like the Koch brothers are reaching deeper into their bag of dirty tricks in an attempt to complete their purchase of the United States Senate.

via constatine report

Caught: Faked ISIS war footage

Faked war footage from Iraq/ISIS 
Make believe air strikes
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A Hollywood production

The story is ISIS shot this video and made it available to the “news media” (i.e. Ministry of Loony Propaganda)

It purportedly shows Allied Forces (the good guys) bombing an artillery piece of ISIS (the bad guys.)

The problem is there seems to be an awful lot of cooperation between the good guys and the bad guys in this video.

For example:

1. The first segment shows lots of bad guys milling around the target, but then with a quick cut they’re all gone – except for one guy in the foreground.

2. This one combatant (actor) seems to know something is about to happen well before it happens and covers his ears.

3. The “missile” appears to fall straight from the sky and hit the target, the artillery piece, perfectly and “luckily” the guy covering his ears and the cameraman (and crew) are far enough away to be uninjured.

Do you see the total ludicrousness of this scenario?

Some basic questions:

How did the bad guys know to leave the scene before the explosion?

Why was the video edited the way it was?

How did the one guy who remained – far away – know to cover his ears well in advance of the “strike”?

Who says the artillery piece wasn’t blown up by a charge placed on it?

Who says that “missile” wasn’t added later in post-production?

Sloppy, careless BS because they think no one is looking and/or has the sense to call nonsense what it is.

300,000 U.S. Students Live in Shelters, Motels or on the Street

Does give one pause to ponder where are all the “christian” churches in America? Why are they staying in their taxpayer shelters- – shying from their Christian obligation by avoiding the wrath of the government you think. If the churches won’t school, then the people must.

If you’re being taxed for services, yet not being provided, you need to stop. If you’re being taxed also by your state for cleaning up the federal govt precipitated by not halting the immigrant invasion, then your state should withhold those taxes from DC, too. And, when it grows to the point whereby no American wants to pay even federal taxes for a job not even poorly done, then…….well.


Thursday, September 25, 2014

Homeless shelter in Fort Worth, Texas
 (photo: John Moore, Getty Images)

For hundreds of thousands of students in the United States, their school day begins waking up in a homeless shelter, in a motel, or on the street.

It is estimated that about 300,000 American children in the 2012-2013 school year were living under these conditions while attending school, according to a new report (Education for Homeless Children and Youth) from the Department of Education. A breakdown of homeless conditions revealed 192,391 were in shelters, 70,458 were in hotels or motels, and 41,635 were without shelter of any kind.

Overall, 1.3 million students were classified as homeless, a record total, the report says. That was 8% more than during the previous school year and an 18% increase since the 2010-2011 school year. The vast majority of them (936,441) were “doubled-up,” living in the homes of friends or relatives. Nearly 76,000 homeless students lived on their own.

 “The new data means that a record number of kids in our schools and communities are spending restless nights in bed-bug infested motels and falling more behind in school by the day because they’re too tired and hungry to concentrate,” Bruce Lesley, president of the First Focus Campaign for Children, said in a statement.

-Noel Brinkerhoff

To Learn More:
Education for Homeless Children and Youth (Consolidated State Performance Report Data) (pdf)
Record Number of Public School Students Nationwide Are Homeless (by Lyndsey Layton, Washington Post)
More than One Million Schoolchildren in U.S. are Homeless (by Noel Brinkerhoff, AllGov)

Why Historical Revisionism Matters

Mises Daily:Tuesday, September 23, 2014 by


The King of Prussia, Frederick II (“the Great”), confessed that he had seized the province of Silesia from the Empress Maria Theresa in 1740 because, as a newcomer to the throne, he had to make a name for himself. 

This caused a war with Austria that developed into a worldwide war (in North America, the French and Indian War), and went on to 1763. Of course, many tens of thousands died in that series of wars.

In general, though, states have been much more circumspect about revealing the true reasons for their wars as well as the methods by which they conduct them. Pretexts and evasions have proliferated. In democratic societies, these are endorsed — often invented — by compliant writers and intellectuals.

The unmasking of such excuses for war and war-making is called historical revisionism, or simply revisionism.

Revisionism and classical liberalism (what is today called libertarianism) have always been closely linked.

The greatest classical liberal thinker on international affairs was Richard Cobden, whose crusade against the Corn Laws, brought free trade and prosperity to England in 1846. 

Cobden’s two-volume Political Writings (reprinted by Garland Publishing in 1973) all deal with British foreign policy.

Cobden maintained that, “The middle and industrious classes of England can have no interest apart from the preservation of peace. The honours, the fame, the emoluments of war belong not to them; the battle-plain is the harvest-field of the aristocracy, watered by the blood of the people.” He looked forward to a time when the slogan “no foreign politics” would become the watchword of all who claimed to be representatives of a free people. Cobden went so far as to trace the calamitous English wars against revolutionary France — which ended only at Waterloo — to the fear and hostility of the British upper classes to the anti-aristocratic policies of the French.

Castigating the aristocracy for its alleged war lust was standard for liberal writers of earlier generations. But Cobden’s views began to change when he observed the intense popular enthusiasm for the Crimean War, against Russia and on behalf of the Ottoman Turks. His outspoken opposition to that war, seconded by his friend and co-leader of the Manchester School, John Bright, cost both of them their seats in the Commons at the next election.

Bright outlived his colleague by twenty years, witnessing the growing passion for empire in his country. In 1884, the famous liberal Prime Minister, William Gladstone, ordered the British Navy to bombard Alexandria, to recover the debts owed by the Egyptians to British investors. Bright scornfully dismissed it as “a jobbers’ war,” and resigned from the Cabinet. But he never forgot what had started him on the road to anti-imperialism. When Bright passed with his young grandson in front of the statue in London, labeled “Crimea,” the boy asked the meaning of the memorial. Bright replied, simply, “A Crime.”

Herbert Spencer, the most widely read philosopher of his time, was squarely in the classical liberal tradition. His hostility to statism is exemplified by his assertion that, “Be it or be it not true that Man is shapen in iniquity and conceived in sin, it is unquestionably true that Government is begotten of aggression and by aggression.” While noting the state’s inborn tendency toward “militancy” — as opposed to the peaceful intercourse of civil society—Spencer denounced the various apologias for his country’s wars in his lifetime, in China, South Africa, and elsewhere.

In the United States, author and activist Lysander Spooner was a renowned abolitionist, even conspiring with John Brown to promote a servile insurrection in the South. Yet he bitterly opposed the Civil War, arguing that it violated the right of the southern states to secede from a union that no longer represented them. E. L. Godkin, influential editor of The Nation magazine, opposed US imperialism to the end of his life, condemning the war against Spain. Like Godkin, William Graham Sumner was a firm proponent of free trade and the gold standard and a foe of socialism. He held the first professorship in sociology (at Yale) and authored a great many books. But his most enduring work is his essay, “The Conquest of the United States by Spain,” reprinted many times and today even available online. In this ironically titled work, Sumner portrayed the savage US war against the Philippines, which cost some 200,000 Filipino lives, as an American version of the imperialism and lust for colonies that had brought Spain the sorry state of his own time. Finish reading

Police Investigating Alleged Vote Fraud In Glasgow

Annabelle BamforthSep 19, 2014

Officials in Glasgow are investigating ten suspected cases of electoral fraud following the historic Scottish independence referendum on Thursday.

Colin Edgar of the Glasgow city council said that police were called in after ten occurrences of alleged fraud took place.

“We’ve had a number of suggestions over the course of the day that people have turned up at the polling station to vote and they appear to have voted already,” said Edgar. “So what’s happening tonight is we know which boxes those votes went into and we know the numbers on the votes, so the police have asked us to identify those votes, to take them away, keep them for evidence and hand them to them.”

Edgar said that fraud could have taken place because voters are not required to present identification at polling places in UK elections.

 “Somebody turned up to vote, they gave their name, the presiding officer went to cross off their name on their list of voters to give them a ballot paper and found that their name had already been crossed off and a ballot paper already issued to somebody who apparently had the same name,” Edgar said.

“We contacted police straight away. The police asked us if we could recover the ballot papers, which we can because we know which box they’re in and we know the number on the ballot paper.”

Edgar stated that the ballots will be traced and secured before handing them to police. Each ballot contains an individual number, so staff members will be searching through the ballots to find the ten in question. If found, they will be separated from the hundreds of thousands of other ballots.

A spokesman for Police Scotland said the agency “takes the safety and security of the independence referendum extremely seriously and is working with partner agencies including local authorities and the chief counting officer to ensure the integrity of the ballot”.

Annabelle Bamforth is a New Hampshire-based writer focused on promoting liberty through new media and local politics. Have a tip? Contact annabelle@benswann.com.

The CDC, NIH & Bill Gates Own the Patents On Existing Ebola & Related Vaccines: Mandatory Vaccinations Are Near

This is the way a Corporatist government (fascist) is managed with the best interests of the people the primary goal.

Sept 17, 2014 by

Bill Gates, the king of vaccines.

Bill Gates, the king of vaccines

I have previously reported that Monsanto, or Monsatan as many call them, has partnered with the Department of Defense to use a proxy third party company to develop a vaccine against Ebola. The seed money began at $1.5 million. The value of the deal could grow to an estimated $86 million dollars. The company’s name is Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corporation (TKMR) (TKM.TO), a leading developer of RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutics. 

TKM-Ebola, an anti-Ebola virus RNAi therapeutic, is being developed under a $140 million contract with the U.S. Department of Defense’s Medical Countermeasure Systems BioDefense Therapeutics (MCS-BDTX) Joint Product Management Office”.  As breaking and shocking of a news story as this has the potential to be, the real story is that this is not the most important part of the Ebola threat which has invaded the United States. The truth of the matter is that these unholy and untrustworthy associations, when it comes to “fighting” the Ebola virus, represent the mere tip of the iceberg.

The more on digs into who is behind the creation and the development of vaccines for treating Ebola, the more the conspiracy networks widen. The most amazing fact is how incredibly easy it was to locate this information. I want to be clear on this point, Ebola was invented, a vaccine for Ebola has existed for 8-10 years, some government sponsored institutions as well as some of the global elite have positioned themselves to profit enormously from the spread of the virus and the development of and dissemination of mandatory Ebola vaccines and the imposition of total martial law in the process. Here is the proof.

Human ebola virus species and compositions and methods thereof
CA 2741523 A1

Amazingly, the CDC owns “the” patent on Ebola and all future strains.

The “SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION” section of the patent document also clearly claims that the U.S. government is claiming “ownership” over all Ebola viruses that share as little as 70% similarity with the Ebola it “invented”:

Why would a government organization claim to have “invented” this infectious disease and then claim a monopoly over its exploitation for commercial use? It is clear that the CDC plans to claim royalties on Ebola vaccines. This certainly increases the likelihood that the vaccines will become mandatory, thus increasing the profit potential for the patent holders.

Publication number CA2741523 A1
Publication type Application
Application number CA 2741523
PCT number PCT/US2009/062079
Publication date Apr 29, 2010
Filing date Oct 26, 2009
Priority date Oct 24, 2008
Also published as EP2350270A2, 4 More »
Inventors Jonathan S. TownerStuart T. NicholJames A. ComerThomas G. KsiazekPierre E. Rollin
Applicant Jonathan S. Towner, 5 More »
Export Citation BiBTeXEndNoteRefMan
Classifications (21), Legal Events (1)
External Links: CIPOEspacenet

 
Clearly, Ebola is manmade and this patent proves this contention. Why does the CDC need to own the patent on Ebola? Perhaps, we should ask Bill Gates why he is donating $50 million to the UN and the CDC in the name of fighting Ebola (see video below). The CDC has partners in the fight against Ebola, namely, Crucell, the National Institute of Health (NIH) and the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) and, of course, Bill and Melinda Gates.

Since when would Gates not expect a return on his investment? Gates and Michael Bloomberg have already contributed large sums of money to numerous vaccination causes such as the Global Polio Eradication Initiative originally launched in 1988 by the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The return on investment has been impressive.
 
Gates has announced that he plans to vaccinate every child in the third world with multiple vaccines, which could result in a dramatic population reduction of 10-15%. Do you realize the enormous profits that can be realized by vaccinating every child in the third world? If we apply Gates’ penchant for investing in causes which produce a hefty “return on investment” (ROI) then one could reasonably suspect that Gates is positioning himself to profit on the $50 million he has invested in the Ebola cause which conveniently includes the CDC, the holder of the patent for Ebola.
 
The NIH presently holds all patents on Ebola vaccines. Crucell is much like Tekimara is to Monsanto in that they are fronting the science for the Ebola vaccine treatment patents.
finish reading

Treasury extends controversial bank-card deal with Comerica

5:53 pm, September 15, 2014

This story has been updated to include a response from a Treasury spokesman.

The Treasury Department has extended a deal with Comerica Bank to distribute benefits to the elderly and disabled on payment cards despite vowing last year to seek a new vendor for the program, which exposed poor and elderly Americans to fraud.

Treasury’s inspector general plans to review the selection process that led to another contract with Comerica, his counsel said in an email Monday.

Treasury’s announcement that it had signed a new, five-year deal with Dallas-based Comerica to distribute Social Security and disability on bank-issued, taxpayer subsidized cards came in the second-to-last paragraph of a blog entry posted on Friday afternoon. Treasury agreed last year to seek another bank partner after a report by The Center exposed fraud in the program and poor oversight of the contract to provide the cards, known as “Direct Express.”

Under the previous contract, Treasury also paid Comerica an extra $32.5 million for work the bank had promised to do for free. The payments turned a potential loss for the bank of $24.2 million into $8.4 million of profit, according a March report by Inspector General Eric Thorson.

The extra payments might “provide Comerica with a future competitive advantage in the rebid” of the contract, Thorson warned in the report.

Treasury hired Comerica to distribute benefits payments as part of a plan to push people into using electronic payments. The goal was to cut the cost to the government of printing and mailing paper checks. More than 5 million Americans now use the Direct Express card whose fees are lower than those charged by store-front check cashers.

The cards were supposed to help people without bank accounts access their benefits while avoiding high fees charged by check cashers. Aggressive marketing by Treasury and Comerica eventually netted the bank more than a million customers who did not need the cards because they already had bank accounts. The card fees are far higher than direct deposit into a bank account.

Thousands of poor people who never requested the cards received them anyway, likely causing them to pay more fees than necessary, The Center reported. Thousands more allegedly had their Social Security and other benefits illegally rerouted to criminals’ accounts because of weak fraud controls.
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▶ How Crack Funded a CIA War: Gary Webb Interview on the Contras and Ronald Reagan (1996) – YouTube

Published on Sep 25, 2013
Facing increasing public scrutiny from the fallout after Webb’s “Dark Alliance” series, the CIA conducted its own internal investigations. Investigative journalist Robert Parry credits Webb for being responsible for the following government investigations into the Reagan-Bush administration’s conduct of the Contra war:

On December 10, 1996, Los Angeles County Sheriff Sherman Block announced the conclusion of his investigation into the issue, publishing a summary of the investigation at a press conference. He announced at the press conference that “We have found no evidence that the government was involved in drug trafficking in South-Central.” Nevertheless, the report included information that supported some of the charges. Charles Rappleye reported in the L.A. Weekly that Block’s “unequivocal statement is not backed up by the report itself, which raises many questions.”[20] Much of the LAPD investigation centered on allegations made in a postscript article to the newspaper’s “Dark Alliance” series.

On January 29, 1998, Hitz published Volume One of his internal investigation. This was the first of two CIA reports that eventually substantiated many of Webb’s claims about cocaine smugglers, the Nicaraguan contra movement, and their ability to freely operate without the threat of law enforcement.[21]

On March 16, 1998, Hitz admitted that the CIA had maintained relationships with companies and individuals the CIA knew were involved in the drug business. Hitz told the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence that “there are instances where CIA did not, in an expeditious or consistent fashion, cut off relationships with individuals supporting the Contra program who were alleged to have engaged in drug-trafficking activity or take action to resolve the allegations.”[22] Senator John Kerry reached similar conclusions a decade earlier in 1987. (See:[5])

On May 7, 1998, Rep. Maxine Waters, revealed a memorandum of understanding – item 24 between the CIA and the Justice Department from 1982, which was entered into the Congressional Record. This letter had freed the CIA from legally reporting drug smuggling by CIA assets, a provision that covered the Nicaraguan Contras and the Afghan rebels.[4]

On July 23, 1998, the Justice Department released a report by its Inspector General, Michael R. Bromwich. The Bromwich report claimed that the Reagan-Bush administration was aware of cocaine traffickers in the Contra movement and did nothing to stop the criminal activity. The report also alleged a pattern of discarded leads and witnesses, sabotaged investigations, instances of the CIA working with drug traffickers, and the discouragement of DEA investigations into Contra-cocaine shipments. The CIA’s refusal to share information about Contra drug trafficking with law-enforcement agencies was also documented. The Bromwich report corroborated Webb’s investigation into Norwin Meneses, a Nicaraguan drug smuggler.[23]

On October 8, 1998, CIA I.G. Hitz published Volume Two of his internal investigation. The report described how the Reagan-Bush administration had protected more than 50 Contras and other drug traffickers, and by so doing thwarted federal investigations into drug crimes. Hitz published evidence that drug trafficking and money laundering had made its way into Reagan’s National Security Council where Oliver North oversaw the operations of the Contras.[5] According to the report, the Contra war took precedence over law enforcement. To that end, the internal investigation revealed that the CIA routinely withheld evidence of Contra crimes from the Justice Department, Congress and even the analytical division of the CIA itself. Further, the report confirmed Webb’s claims regarding the origins and the relationship of Contra fundraising and drug trafficking. The report also included information about CIA ties to other drug traffickers not discussed in the Webb series, including Moises Nunez and Ivan Gomez. More importantly, the internal CIA report documented a cover-up of evidence which had led to false intelligence assessments.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dark_All…

The 16th Amendment (IRS Income Tax) was Never Ratified by the Requisite Number of States to become Lawful; Ipso Facto, a Fraud

Over time in our experience under the rule of law of a constitution we have been worn down and weaned away from using the Constitution as our guide. Instead, we have accepted man’s laws as the “legal” rule of the land, and compromised our own principles with absolutism.

What if states did not require employers to withhold taxes from employee paychecks? Your state must find  the fiber to ‘stand their ground’ for the US Constitution. State assemblymen and senators must have the courage, and above all else — the morality — to nullify this gross illegality.

Constitution Convention not required, nor requested, nor desired.


 

Defects in Ratification of the 16th Amendment


“If you…examined [The 16th Amendment] carefully, you would find that a sufficient number of states never ratified that amendment.” – U.S. District Court Judge James C. Fox 2003.

What the IRS website and the Government in general refuse to recognize is that the Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States was never ratified by a majority of the States.  
Only two or less States properly ratified the proposed Amendment.  In February 1913 Secretary of State Knox falsely declared the 16th Amendment ratified and the government has been unlawfully demanding taxes ever since.

The 16th Amendment allegedly entitled the government to collect uneven taxes.  The U.S. Constitution does not preclude taxation it dictates that tax be uniform for everyone, except Indians, and apportioned equally across all the States:

Article I, Section 2: “..Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct.”

The 16th Amendment is claimed by the federal government in the federal territory of Washington, D.C. to authorize their private collection company, the IRS, to collect “income tax”.  However if the 16th was not properly ratified the IRS has no legal authority to collect tax.  The same applies to local County and State tax collectors who are also bound by the U.S. Constitution.

After an exhaustive year long search of legislative records in 48 sovereign States conducted by Bill Benson, (Alaska & Hawaii were not admitted into the Union until after 1913). the only record of the 16th Amendment ever having been confirmed was a fraudulent proclamation made by the Secretary of State Philander Knox on February 25, 1913, wherein he simply declared it to be “in effect”, but never stated that it was lawfully ratified. Bill Benson’s has an excellent website, support him: The Law That Never Was

Even if the 16th Amendment were properly ratified, according to Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution, it has always been unconstitutional for the U.S. Federal Government to directly tax “We the People” in their property, wages, salaries, or earnings. U.S. Supreme Court Judges repeatedly rejected any claims that the 16th Amendment changed the constitutional limits on direct taxes:  Brushaber v. Union Pacific R.R. Co., 240 U.S. 1, The Supreme Court ruled that the 16th “created no new power of taxation” and that it “did not change the constitutional limitations which forbid any direct taxation of individuals”.  This and other similar cases have never been overturned.

An argument often made by judges attempting to ignore the fact of the failure to ratify the 16th, is that precedence under Common Law now exists because the IRS has been mugging the public for so long and this somehow legalizes the IRS and the local County Tax collector.  However, the U.S. Constitution is higher law than the precedence of Common Law, which in itself represents the will of the people and not the will of the government.  Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution dictates that the IRS and the local County Tax collector are collecting tax unlawfully.

Bill Benson’s exhaustive investigation of the history of the 16th Amendment revealed the following defects and prove the 16th horribly failed to receive the necessary three-fourths of the States approval.  To have been ratified 36 of the 48 States would have had to properly ratify the 16th Amendment.  Naturally for something as significant as the U.S. Constitution, ratification of an Amendment is extremely important and serious, typos, spelling and anything that is not an exact copy of the Amendment is utterly unacceptable, this is no pre-school project.

Record of Failed Ratification of 16th Amendment As Recorded By Secretary Of State SEE:

KEY:
01- Not ratified by state legislature, and so reported
02- Not ratified by state legislature, but reported as ratified
03- Missing or incomplete evidence of ratification, but reported as ratified
04- Failure of Governor or other official to sign, although required by State Constitution
05- Other violation of State Constitution in ratification process
06- Other procedural irregularity making ratification doubtful
07- Approval, but with change in wording, accepted as ratification of original version
08- Approval, but with change in spelling, accepted as ratification of original version
09- Approval, but with change in capitalization, accepted as ratification of original version
10- Approval, but with change in punctuation, accepted as ratification of original version

State
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
Alabama
1
1
1
Arizona
1
1
1
1
Arkansas
1
1
1
1
1
California
1
1
1
1
1
Colorado
1
1
1
1
Connecticut
1
Delaware
1
Florida
1
Georgia
1
1
1

 
1
1
Idaho
1
1
1
1
1
1
Illinois
1
1
1
Indiana
1
1
1
Iowa
1
1
1
Kansas
1
1
Kentucky
1

 
1
1
1
1
1
1
Louisiana
1
1
1
1
Maine
1
1
Maryland
1
1
1
Massachusetts
1
1
1
1
Michigan
1
1
1
1
1
Minnesota
1
1
Mississippi
1
1
1
1
1
1
Missouri
1
1
1
1
1
Montana
1
1
1
1
Nebraska
1
1
Nevada
1
1
1
New Hampshire
1
New Jersey
1
1
1
New Mexico
1
1
New York
1
1
1
North Carolina
1
1
North Dakota
1
1
Ohio
1
1
Oklahoma
1
1
1
Oregon
1
1
Pennsylvania
1
Rhode Island
1
South Carolina
1
1
1
1
South Dakota
1
1
1
1
1
Tennessee
1
1
1
1
1
Texas
1
1
1
1
1
1
Utah
1
Vermont
1
1
1
1
1
Virginia
1
Washington
1
1
1
1
1
West Virginia
1
1
1
Wisconsin
1
1
1
Wyoming
1
1
1
1
1
1
Total
7
3
9
6
25
29
22
1
31
27
Additional
7
3
7
5
16
6
2
0
2
0
Ratification Failures Accumulated
7
10
17
22
38
44
46
46
48
48
 KEY 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

KEY:
01- Not ratified by state legislature, and so reported
02- Not ratified by state legislature, but reported as ratified
03- Missing or incomplete evidence of ratification, but reported as ratified
04- Failure of Governor or other official to sign, although required by State Constitution
05- Other violation of State Constitution in ratification process
06- Other procedural irregularity making ratification doubtful
07- Approval, but with change in wording, accepted as ratification of original version
08- Approval, but with change in spelling, accepted as ratification of original version
09- Approval, but with change in capitalization, accepted as ratification of original version
10- Approval, but with change in punctuation, accepted as ratification of original version

In the above table, the line “Additional” are the number of States for which that defect is in addition to previously indicated defects, and “Ratification Failures Accumulated” is a running total of States with defects, from Defect 01 through 10.

Since 36 states were required to ratify, the failure of 13 to ratify would be fatal to the amendment, and this occurs within the first three defects, arguably the most serious. Even if we were to ignore defects of spelling, capitalization, and punctuation, we would still have only two states which successfully ratified.

Note that in the above we are counting Ohio as a State, even though it was not admitted into the Union until 1953 (retroactively, which is expost facto, and unconstitutional). We are not counting the failure to designate the Income Tax Amendment as the “XVII” amendment, since there was arguably a 13th Amendment that was ratified but which is not published in official copies of the Constitution with Amendments, and the number is not necessarily part of the amendment (It wasn’t part of the first 10.).

The authority usually cited for the criticality of ratification without errors of spelling, capitalization, or punctuation, is from DOCUMENT NO. 97-120, of the 97TH CONGRESS, 1st Session, entitled How Our Laws Are Made, written by Edward F. Willett, Jr. Esq., Law Revision Counsel of the United States House of Representatives, in which the comparable exactitude in which bills must be concurred under federal legislative rules is detailed:

 . Each amendment must be inserted in precisely the proper place in the bill, with the spelling and punctuation exactly the same as it was adopted by the House. Obviously, it is extremely important that the Senate receive a copy of the bill in the precise form in which it passed the House. The preparation of such a copy is the function of the enrolling clerk. (at 34) (emphasis added)
When the bill has been agreed to in identical form by both bodies – either without amendment by the Senate, or by House concurrence in the Senate amendments, or by agreement in both bodies to the conference report – a copy of the bill is enrolled for presentation to the President.
The preparation of the enrolled bill is a painstaking and important task since it must reflect precisely the effect of all amendments, either by deletion, substitution, or addition, agreed to by both bodies. The enrolling clerk … must prepare meticulously the final form of the bill, as it was agreed to by both Houses, for presentation to the President…. each (amendment) must be set out in the enrollment exactly as agreed to, and all punctuation must be in accord with the action taken. (at 45) (emphasis added)

In his report on the failure of ratifications of the Income Tax Amendment to then Secretary of State Philander Knox, the Solicitor of the Department of State recognized and acknowledged the defects of ratification. Knox failed to demand mandatory corrective action by the States.

Knox had plenty of clues to the problems in the ratifications, sufficient to justify that he inquire into the matter further and demand corrective action by the States. Because he failed to do so means that we now have adopted and enforced legislation for more than 80 years that is plainly unconstitutional, requiring not only that it be repealed, but that all the funds collected be refunded.

The 16th is not ratified, has not been ratified and is not law.

Even if the 16th Amendment were properly ratified, according to Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution, it has always been unconstitutional for the U.S. Federal Government to directly tax We the People in their property, wages, salaries, or earnings. The U.S. Supreme Court rejected any claims that the 16th Amendment changed the constitutional limits on direct taxes in Brushaber v. Union Pacific R.R. Co., 240 U.S. 1, and ruled that the 16th “created no new power of taxation” and that it “did not change the constitutional limitations which forbid any direct taxation of individuals”.

By law the entities that have unlawfully taken money from individuals and corporations must return that money, the money has in effect been stolen.

Either the U.S. is a nation of laws or it is a lawless nation.  And if the latter is the case then why pay a corrupt and criminal government?  In such a case should not one take up 2nd Amendment arms and defend the right to freedom just as the Founding Fathers did?

The IRS website at http://www.irs.gov/irs/article/0,,id=149200,00.html lists a Brief History of IRS:

Origin (As reported on the IRS Website)
The roots of IRS go back to the Civil War when President Lincoln and Congress, in 1862, created the position of commissioner of Internal Revenue and enacted an income tax to pay war expenses. The income tax was repealed 10 years later. Congress revived the income tax in 1894, but the Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional the following year.
16th Amendment (As reported on the IRS Website)
In 1913, Wyoming ratified the 16th Amendment, providing the three-quarter majority of states necessary to amend the Constitution. The 16th Amendment gave Congress the authority to enact an income tax. That same year, the first Form 1040 appeared after Congress levied a 1 percent tax on net personal incomes above $3,000 with a 6 percent surtax on incomes of more than $500,000.
In 1918, during World War I, the top rate of the income tax rose to 77 percent to help finance the war effort. It dropped sharply in the post-war years, down to 24 percent in 1929, and rose again during the Depression. During World War II, Congress introduced payroll withholding and quarterly tax payments.
A New Name (As reported on the IRS Website)
In the 50s, the agency was reorganized to replace a patronage system with career, professional employees. The Bureau of Internal Revenue name was changed to the Internal Revenue Service. Only the IRS commissioner and chief counsel are selected by the president and confirmed by the Senate.
Today’s IRS Organization (As reported on the IRS Website)
The IRS Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 prompted the most comprehensive reorganization and modernization of IRS in nearly half a century. The IRS reorganized itself to closely resemble the private sector model of organizing around customers with similar needs.
The IRS Code says that compliance to their tax is “voluntary” – 26 CFR Ch. 1(4-2-03 Edition)
“Your income tax is a 100% voluntary tax, and your liquor tax is a 100% enforced tax.  The situation is as different as night and day.” – Dwight E. Avis.  Head of Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Division.  Bureau of Internal Revenue.
“The only difference between a tax man and a taxidermist is that the taxidermist leaves the skin.”  – Mark Twain

“I am a most unhappy man.  I have unwittingly ruined my country. A great industrial nation is now controlled by its system of credit.  We are no longer a government by free opinion, no longer a government by conviction and the voter of the majority, but a government by the opinion and duress of a small group of dominant men.”  President Woodrow Wilson 1919.

“People have been brainwashed.  People have been told that you need this income tax system to fund government, which is absolutely ridiculous.  My question is that if that is true, then how did we fund government from 1776 to 1913” – Peter Gibbons, Tax Attorney

  • Paying for schools? As foolish as it is to allow the government to educate your kids (separation of State and School is vastly more important than separation of Church and State), property tax pays form the great majority of schools.
  • Paying for highways? Tax you pay at the gas pump for gasoline pays for the highways.

The amount of money the government spends on the military, in violation of U.S. Constitution, Article. I., Section 8. Clause 12, always mysteriously equals what the government collects from corporate tax.

“The main purpose of the income tax is not to raise revenue, but to redistribute wealth and control society.” -“It’s actually very simple.  Congress tried to enact an income tax in 1894.  The Supreme Court said that was unconstitutional.  If the Supreme Court says something is unconstitutional it’s un-unconstitutional.  They tried again in 1913 and the Supreme Court said “The 16th Amendment conferred no new power of taxation”.  So if they didn’t have it then, and they didn’t get it.  They don’t have it.  There is no constitutional basis for tax on the wages of Americans living and working in the fifty States of the Union.  Period. End of argument.” –  G. Edward Griffin.  Author, Creature From Jekyll Island.

“In substance, the [Supreme] Court holds that the Sixteenth Amendment did not empower the Federal Government to levy a new tax.” – New York Times, January 25, 1916

President Ronald Reagan’s Blue Ribbon Panel Grace Commission setup to investigate income tax reported: “100% of what is collected is absorbed solely on the interest of the federal debt . All individual income tax revenues are gone before one nickel paid on the services tax payers collect on the government.”

“I believe that in both spirit and substance our tax system has become un-American.  Death and taxes may be inevitable.  But unjust taxes are not.” President Ronald Reagan.

The IRS and local County Tax Collector Are Law Breakers,
they Are Criminals committing Fraud:

The income that is a direct tax which is not apportioned amongst the States as demanded by the U.S. Constitution, making the income tax and property taxes, and sales tax and every other tax levied against citizens of the U.S. unconstitutional and therefore unlawful.

Apportioned = to divide equally amongst the people.

More info on failure to ratify